The History of the Tiergarten
Artificial mountains at the Luitpoldhain
Since the area did have water but no heights, a setting made of concrete was created for the alpine animals. The Tiergarten officially opened its gates on 11 May 1912. The huge amount of visitors filled the zoo's money boxes and allowed for the exhibition of more than 1,200 animals in the opening's aftermath. But soon WWI and the subsequent inflation it endangered the zoo's existence: Money and food were scarce. The people of Nuremberg, however, would not leave "their" Tiergarten in the lurch and in the golden twenties, the zoo experienced its height. With NSDAP’s rise to power, the end of the old zoo was on the horizon as early as in 1934. Adolf Hitler demanded for the Nazi Party Rally Grounds at the Dutzendteich to be extended. The Tiergarten was to give way to the Luitpold arena, the Große Straße (literally: Great Street - part of the Nazi Party Rally Grounds) and the Congress Hall. In February 1939 the zoo was closed for good.
Restart at the Schmausenbuck
Thanks to careful planning and enormous efforts, in May 1939 already the new Tiergarten could be opened at the Schmausenbuck - after a construction period of merely two years. The search for new grounds had been started in due time. The timbered rocky landscape around the Schmausenbuck was eventually chosen. An incredible stroke of luck: Tiergarten Nürnberg is said to be one of the most beautiful German landscape zoos.
Only a few months after the Tiergarten's opening, WWII broke out. Again food and staff were in short supply. Air raids destroyed almost all buildings and enclosures, many of the animals died. As of the end of the war and until 1947, the Tiergarten was under the protection of the American troops, which prevented it from major plundering. The reconstruction was finished by the end of the 1950s, around 1960 the pre-war level had been reached once more. Giraffe and tropical centre as well as the dolphinarium were built in the 1960s and 1970s; natural history centre, gorilla outdoor enclosure, Aquapark and children's and domestic animal area were added over the last few decades. The Tiergarten's face is going to change further - for the benefit of animals and visitors.
This July they built something new! A meerkat habitat!!!
Llamas!!! This is for you, Jean! *wink*
Stay tuned for Part 2!!!